The reason people might experience lower back pain typically is from compensation. The anatomy of our lumbar spine is meant for stability. There is very little degrees of motion associated in the lumbar spine compared to other segments in the body. If we look at our body as a whole kinetic chain, our ankles were designed for mobility, knees for stability, hips for mobility, lumbar spine for stability, thoracic spine for mobility, cervical spine for stability and shoulders for mobility. When this sequence is disturbed we tend to have more pain.
In recent decades the landscape of youth athletics has changed. Increased participation in competitive athletics has been seen over the past 50 years (National Federation of State High School Associations, 2016-2017).1 Another recent phenomenon is the increasing number of young athletes concentrating on a single sport, commonly referred to as early specialization. Early specialization is often sought out by these young athletes due to sensationalized, highly successful athletes who specialize early including Tiger Woods, Tara Lipinski, Venus and Serena Williams to name a few. Additional influences towards early specialization include parents, coaches, and peers whom often believe that sport specialization is needed to compete with other athletes at the highest level.
From an outsider’s point of view, it looks like running is a low-risk sport. There’s no contact, no jumping, and no fancy footwork necessary. But runners know that this is just a facade, and that running creates plenty of risks for the runner. The good news is that there are a number of ways to tweak training, conditioning, technique, and so forth that can help runners stay well. The bad news is that even the most prudent of runners can often find themselves at the mercy of common injuries, like a stress fracture in the foot.